Question

A company is interested in determining the average cost of lunch in its cafeteria, so it asks a sample of 121 randomly chosen employees what they spent. If the true average amount spent on lunch is $7.65 with a standard deviation of$2.15, what is the probability that the sample average will be less than $8? in progress 0 2 weeks 2021-11-24T04:42:39+00:00 1 Answer 0 views 0 ## Answers ( ) 1. Answer: 96.33% probability that the sample average will be less than$8.

Step-by-step explanation:

To solve this question, we have to understand the normal probability distribution and the central limit theorem.

Normal probability distribution:

Problems of normally distributed samples are solved using the z-score formula.

In a set with mean and standard deviation , the zscore of a measure X is given by:

The Z-score measures how many standard deviations the measure is from the mean. After finding the Z-score, we look at the z-score table and find the p-value associated with this z-score. This p-value is the probability that the value of the measure is smaller than X, that is, the percentile of X. Subtracting 1 by the pvalue, we get the probability that the value of the measure is greater than X.

Central Limit theorem:

The Central Limit Theorem estabilishes that, for a random variable X, with mean and standard deviation , a large sample size can be approximated to a normal distribution with mean and standard deviation .

In this problem, we have that:

What is the probability that the sample average will be less than $8? This is the pvalue of Z when X = 8. So By the Central Limit Theorem has a pvalue of 0.9633. 96.33% probability that the sample average will be less than$8.