## A school is preparing a trip for 400 students. The company who is providing the transportation has 10 buses of 50 seats each and 8 buses of

Question

A school is preparing a trip for 400 students. The company who is providing the transportation has 10 buses of 50 seats each and 8 buses of 40 seats, but only has 9 drivers available. The rental cost for a large bus is \$800 and \$600 for the small bus. Calculate how many buses of each type should be used for the trip for the least possible cost. Let x = the small buses and y= the big buses.

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1 week 2021-09-09T05:44:33+00:00 1 Answer 0

## The number of big buses used  = 4

Step-by-step explanation:

Let us assume the total number of small buses needed = x

The capacity of 1 small bus  = 40

So, the capacity of x buses  = 40(x)  = 40 x

Let us assume the total number of big buses needed = y

The capacity of 1 big bus  = 50

So, the capacity of y buses  = 50(y)  = 50 y

Also, the total students travelling = 400

So, the number of students traveling by (Small bus + Big bus)  = 400

40 x + 50 y = 400 ….. (1)

Also, the total number of drivers available  = 9

x +  y = 9  ….. (2)

Also, x  ≤ 8,   y ≤ 10

Now, solving both equations, we get:

40 x + 50 y = 400 ….. (1)

x +  y = 9  ⇒ y = (9-x) put in (1)

40 x + 50 y = 400  ⇒  40 x  + 50 (9-x)  = 400

or, 40 x  + 450 – 50 x  = 400

or, – 10 x  =- 50

or, x  = 5 y = (9-x)  = 9- 5 = 4

Hence the number of small buses used = 5

The number of big buses used  = 4