“A study of the amount of time it takes a mechanic to rebuild the transmission for a 2005 Chevrolet Cavalier shows that the mean is 8.4 hour

Question

“A study of the amount of time it takes a mechanic to rebuild the transmission for a 2005 Chevrolet Cavalier shows that the mean is 8.4 hours and the standard deviation is 1.8 hours. If 40 mechanics are randomly selected, find the probability that their mean rebuild time exceeds 8.1 hours.”

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Peyton 12 hours 2021-09-15T06:05:04+00:00 1 Answer 0

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    2021-09-15T06:06:11+00:00

    Answer:

    85.31% probability that their mean rebuild time exceeds 8.1 hours.

    Step-by-step explanation:

    To solve this question, we need to understand the normal probability distribution and the central limit theorem.

    Normal probability distribution:

    Problems of normally distributed samples are solved using the z-score formula.

    In a set with mean \mu and standard deviation \sigma, the zscore of a measure X is given by:

    Z = \frac{X - \mu}{\sigma}

    The Z-score measures how many standard deviations the measure is from the mean. After finding the Z-score, we look at the z-score table and find the p-value associated with this z-score. This p-value is the probability that the value of the measure is smaller than X, that is, the percentile of X. Subtracting 1 by the pvalue, we get the probability that the value of the measure is greater than X.

    Central limit theorem:

    The Central Limit Theorem estabilishes that, for a random variable X, with mean \mu and standard deviation \sigma, the sample means with size n of at least 30 can be approximated to a normal distribution with mean \mu and standard deviation s = \frac{\sigma}{\sqrt{n}}

    In this problem, we have that:

    \mu = 8.4, \sigma = 1.8, n = 40, s = \frac{1.8}{\sqrt{40}} = 0.2846

    If 40 mechanics are randomly selected, find the probability that their mean rebuild time exceeds 8.1 hours.

    This is 1 subtracted by the pvalue of Z when X = 8.1. So

    Z = \frac{X - \mu}{\sigma}

    By the Central Limit Theorem

    Z = \frac{X - \mu}{s}

    Z = \frac{8.1 - 8.4}{0.2846}

    Z = -1.05

    Z = -1.05 has a pvalue of 0.1469

    1 – 0.1469 = 0.8531

    85.31% probability that their mean rebuild time exceeds 8.1 hours.

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