## Ask Your Teacher The level of nitrogen oxides (NOX) in the exhaust after 50,000 miles or fewer of driving of cars of a particular model vari

Question

Ask Your Teacher The level of nitrogen oxides (NOX) in the exhaust after 50,000 miles or fewer of driving of cars of a particular model varies Normally with mean 0.08 g/mi and standard deviation 0.01 g/mi. A company has 36 cars of this model in its fleet. What is the level L such that the probability that the average NOX level x for the fleet is greater than L is only 0.01? (Hint: This requires a backward Normal calculation. Round your answer to three decimal places.)

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17 hours 2021-09-10T10:02:13+00:00 1 Answer 0

The level is L = 0.084

Step-by-step explanation:

To solve this question, we need to understand the normal probability distribution and the central limit theorem.

Normal probability distribution:

Problems of normally distributed samples can be solved using the z-score formula.

In a set with mean and standard deviation , the zscore of a measure X is given by: The Z-score measures how many standard deviations the measure is from the mean. After finding the Z-score, we look at the z-score table and find the p-value associated with this z-score. This p-value is the probability that the value of the measure is smaller than X, that is, the percentile of X. Subtracting 1 by the pvalue, we get the probability that the value of the measure is greater than X.

Central limit theorem:

The Central Limit Theorem estabilishes that, for a normally distributed random variable X, with mean and standard deviation , the sample means with size n can be approximated to a normal distribution with mean and standard deviation In this problem, we have that: What is the level L such that the probability that the average NOX level x for the fleet is greater than L is only 0.01?

This is X when Z has a pvalue of 1-0.01 = 0.99. So it is X when Z = 2.325. By the Central limit theorem    The level is L = 0.084