Assume the sample variances to be continuous measurements. Find the probability that a random sample of 25observations, from a normal popula

Question

Assume the sample variances to be continuous measurements. Find the probability that a random sample of 25observations, from a normal population with variance 02 = 6. will have a sample variance 52(a) greater than 9.1;(b) between 3.462 and 10.745.

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Julia 3 months 2022-02-11T09:32:58+00:00 1 Answer 0 views 0

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    2022-02-11T09:34:46+00:00

    Answer:

    a) [tex] P(4S^2 > 4*9.1) = P(\chi^2_{24} >36.4) = 0.0502[/tex]

    b)[tex] P(13.848<\chi^2 <42.98) = P(\chi^2 <42.98) -P(\chi^2 <13.848)=0.99-0.05= 0.94[/tex]Step-by-step explanation:

    Previous concepts

    The Chi Square distribution is the distribution of the sum of squared standard normal deviates .

    For this case we assume that the sample variance is given by [tex] S^2[/tex] and we select a random sample of size n from a normal population with a population variance [tex] \sigma^2[/tex]. And we define the following statistic:

    [tex] T = \frac{(n-1) S^2}{\sigma^2} [/tex]

    And the distribution for this statistic is [tex] T \sim \chi^2_{n-1}[/tex]

    For this case we know that n =25 and [tex] \sigma^2 = 6[/tex] so then our statistic would be given by:

    [tex]\chi^2 = \frac{(n-1)S^2}{\sigma^2}=\frac{24 S^2}{6}= 4S^2[/tex]

    With 25-1 =24 degrees of freedom.

    Solution to the problem

    Part a

    For this case we want this probability:

    [tex] P(S^2 > 9.1)[/tex]

    And we can multiply the inequality by 4 on both sides and we got:

    [tex] P(4S^2 > 4*9.1) = P(\chi^2_{24} >36.4) = 0.0502[/tex]

    And we can use the following excel code to find it: “=1-CHISQ.DIST(36.4,24,TRUE)”

    Part b

    For this case we want this probability:

    [tex] P(3.462 < S^2 <10.745)[/tex]

    If we multiply the inequality by 4 on all the terms we got:

    [tex] P(3.462*4 < 4S^2 < 4*10.745)= P(13.848< \chi^2 <42.98)[/tex]And we can find this probability like this:[tex] P(13.848<\chi^2 <42.98) = P(\chi^2 <42.98) -P(\chi^2 <13.848)=0.99-0.05= 0.94[/tex]And we use the following code to find the answer in excel: “=CHISQ.DIST(42.98,24,TRUE)-CHISQ.DIST(13.848,24,TRUE)”

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