## Baseball’s division series is a best of five game series. That is, the first team to win 3 games is the winner. Team A and team B are playin

Baseball’s division series is a best of five game series. That is, the first team to win 3 games is the winner. Team A and team B are playing in the series, and A is the clear favorite. In fact, you believe that A will defeat B in any given game with probability .65, and assume each game played is independent.

1. What the probability that A wins the series in 3 games?

2. What is the probability A wins the series in 4 games? Hint: which game did B win? Note also that things like AAAB are impossible (once A wins three games, the series is over!).

3.What is the probability A wins the series in 5 games?

4. What is the probability A wins the series (period)?

5. What is the probability A wins the series if a “best-of-three” game series is played?

## Answers ( )

Answer:1.27.46% probability that A wins the series in 3 games.2.There is a 28.84% probability A wins the series in 4 games.3.There is a 20.18% probability A wins the series in 5 games.4.There is a 76.48% probability A wins the series.5.There is a 71.825% probability A wins the series if a “best-of-three” game series is played.Step-by-step explanation:For each game, there are these following probabilities:A 65% probability team A wins.

A 35% probability team B wins.

The combination formula is important to solve this problem:This is because for example, team A winning games 1,2 and 4 and team B winning game 3 is the same as team A winning games 1,3,4 and team B winning game 2. That is, the order is not important.

[tex]C_{n,x}[/tex] is the number of different combinatios of x objects from a set of n elements, given by the following formula.

[tex]C_{n,x} = \frac{n!}{x!(n-x)!}[/tex]

1. What the probability that A wins the series in 3 games?This is team A winning all 3 games. For each game, there is a 65% probability that team A wins. So

[tex]P = (0.65)^{3} = 0.2746[/tex]

There is a 27.46% probability that A wins the series in 3 games.

2. What is the probability A wins the series in 4 games?This is the team A winning three games and the team B 1. The team B win cannot happen in the fourth game, so the number of possibilities is a combination of 3 by 2. So

[tex]C_{3,2} = \frac{3!}{2!1!} = 3[/tex]

The probability that team A wins the series in 4 games is:

[tex]P = 3*(0.65)^{3}*(0.35) = 0.2884[/tex]

There is a 28.84% probability A wins the series in 4 games.

3.What is the probability A wins the series in 5 games?This is the team A winning three games and the team B 2. The team B second win cannot happen in the fifth game, so the number of possibilities is a combination of 4 by 2. So

[tex]C_{4,2} = \frac{3!}{2!1!} = 6[/tex]

The probability that team A wins the series in 5 games is:

[tex]P = 6*(0.65)^{3}*(0.35)^{2} = 0.2018[/tex]

There is a 20.18% probability A wins the series in 5 games.

4. What is the probability A wins the series (period)?They can win the series in 3,4 or 5 games. So this is the sum of the answers for 1,2,3.

So

[tex]P = 0.2746 + 0.2884 + 0.2018 = 0.7648[/tex]

There is a 76.48% probability A wins the series.

5. What is the probability A wins the series if a “best-of-three” game series is played?These three following outcomes are accepted:

A – A

A – B – A

B – A – A

So

[tex]P = (0.65)^{2} + 2*(0.65)^{2}*(0.35) = 0.71825[/tex]

There is a 71.825% probability A wins the series if a “best-of-three” game series is played.