## Consider the two data sets below: Data Set 1: 19, 25, 35, 38, 41, 49, 50, 52, 59 Data Set 2: 19, 25, 35, 38, 41, 49, 50, 52, 99<

Question

Consider the two data sets below:
Data Set 1: 19, 25, 35, 38, 41, 49, 50, 52, 59
Data Set 2: 19, 25, 35, 38, 41, 49, 50, 52, 99

Which of the following statements is true?
a) The values are not in order.
b) The data sets will have different values for their interquartile range.
c)The data sets will have the same values for their interquartile range.
d) An outlier will have no effect on the range.

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2 days 2021-09-09T15:41:58+00:00 2 Answers 0

Option c) The data sets will have the same values of their interquartile range.

Explanation:

1. The values are in order: they are in increasing oder, from lowest to highest value.

2. Calculate the interquartile range.

Interquartile range, IQR, is the third quartile, Q3, less the first quartile Q1:

• IQR = Q3 – Q1

To find the first and the third quartile, first find the median:

Data Set 1: 19, 25, 35, 38, 41, 49, 50, 52, 59

[19, 25, 35, 38],  41,  [49, 50, 52, 59]

↑

median = 41

Data Set 2: 19, 25, 35, 38, 41, 49, 50, 52, 99

[19, 25, 35, 38] , 41,  [49, 50, 52, 99]

↑

median = 41

Now find the median of each subset: the values below the median and the values above the median.

Data set 1: First quartile

[19, 25, 35, 38],

↑

Q1 = [25 + 35] / 2 = 30

Third quartile

[49, 50, 52, 59]

↑

Q3 = [50 + 52] / 2 = 51

IQR = Q3 – Q1 = 51 – 30 = 21

Data set 2: First quartile

[19, 25, 35, 38]

↑

Q1 = [25 + 35] / 2= 30

Third quartile

[49, 50, 52, 99]

↑

Q3 = [52 + 50]/2 = 51

IQR = 51 – 30 = 21

Thus, it is shown that the data sets have will have the same values for the interquartile range: IQR = 21. (option c)

This happens because replacing one extreme value (in this case the maximum value) by other extreme value does not affect the median.

An outlier will change the range because the range is the maximum value less the minimum value.