## Data from the article “The Osteological Paradox: Problems inferring Prehistoric Health from Skeletal Samples” (Current Anthropology (1992):3

Question

Data from the article “The Osteological Paradox: Problems inferring Prehistoric Health from Skeletal Samples” (Current Anthropology (1992):343-370) suggests that a reasonable model for the distribution of heights of 5-year old children (in centimeters) is N(100, 62) . Let the letter X represent the variable “height of 5-year old”, and use this information to answer the following. Use 4 decimal places unless otherwise indicated.

(a) P(X > 89.2) =
(b) P(X < 109.78) =
(c) P(97 < X < 106) =
(d) P(X < 85.6 or X > 111.4) =
(e) P(X > 103) =
(f) P(X < 98.2) =
(g) P(100 < X < 124)=
(h) The middle 80% of all heights of 5 year old children fall between and . (Use 2 decimal places.)

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(a) P (X < 109.78) = 0.9484.

(b) P (X < 109.78) = 0.9484.

(c) P (97 < X < 106) = 0.5328.

(d) P (X < 85.6 or X > 111.4) = 0.0369.

(e) P (X > 103) = 0.3085.

(f) P (X < 98.2) = 0.3821.

(g) P (100 < X < 124) = 0.5000.

(h) The middle 80% of all heights of 5 year old children fall between 92.31 and 107.70.

Step-by-step explanation:

It is provided that X follows a Normal distribution with mean, μ = 100 and standard deviation, σ = 6.

(a)

Compute the value of P (X > 89.2) as follows:

Thus, the value of P (X > 89.2) is 0.9641.

(b)

Compute the value of P (X < 109.78) as follows:

Thus, the value of P (X < 109.78) is 0.9484.

(c)

Compute the value of P (97 < X < 106) as follows;

P (97 < X < 106) = P (X < 106) – P (X < 97)

Thus, the value of P (97 < X < 106) is 0.5328.

(d)

Compute the value of P (X < 85.6 or X > 111.4) as follows;

P (X < 85.6 or X > 111.4) = P (X < 85.6) + P (X > 111.4)

Thus, the value of P (X < 85.6 or X > 111.4) is 0.0369.

(e)

Compute the value of P (X > 103) as follows:

Thus, the value of P (X > 103) is 0.3085.

(f)

Compute the value of P (X < 98.2) as follows:

Thus, the value of P (X < 98.2) is 0.3821.

(g)

Compute the value of P (100 < X < 124) as follows;

P (100< X < 124) = P (X < 124) – P (X < 100)

Thus, the value of P (100 < X < 124) is 0.5000.

(h)

Compute the value of x₁ and x₂ as follows if P (x₁ < X < x₂) = 0.80 as follows:

The value of z is ± 1.282.

The value of x₁ and x₂ are:

Thus, the middle 80% of all heights of 5 year old children fall between 92.31 and 107.70.