## Dogs are inbred for such desirable characteristics as blue eye color, but an unfortunate by-product of such inbreeding can be the emergence

Question

Dogs are inbred for such desirable characteristics as blue eye color, but an unfortunate by-product of such inbreeding can be the emergence of characteristics such as deafness. A 1992 study of Dalmatians (by Strain and others, as reported in The Dalmatians Dilemma) found the following: (i) 31% of all Dalmatians have blue eyes. (ii) 38% of all Dalmatians are deaf. (iii) If a Dalmatian has blue eyes, there is a 42% chance that it is deaf. Based on the results of this study is “having blue eyes” independent of “being deaf”(a) No, since .31 * .38 is not equal to .42.(b) No, since .38 is not equal to .42.(c) No, since .31 is not equal to .42.(d) Yes, since .31 * .38 is not equal to .42.(e) Yes, since .38 is not equal to .42.

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3 weeks 2021-11-18T11:14:07+00:00 1 Answer 0 views 0

## Option 2 is the right answer.

Step-by-step explanation:

We need to check if the two characteristics, having blue eyes and being deaf are independent of each other or not.

The above two characteristics will be independent if Now, the probability of having blue eyes is .

The probability that the Dalmatians will be deaf is .

The probability of being deaf with blue eyes is .

Since, 38 is not equals to 42, the two characteristics are not independent.