## For the problem, use the discriminant to determine the number of real solutions for the equation. Then, find the solutions and check to see

Question

For the problem, use the discriminant to determine the number of real solutions for the equation. Then, find the solutions and check to see if they make sense in the context of the problem.

A soccer player kicks the ball to a height of 2 meters inside the goal. The equation for the height h of the ball at time t is h = −4.9t^2 − 4t + 4. Find the time the ball reached the goal. Enter the time to two decimal places.

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2 weeks 2021-09-27T07:29:05+00:00 1 Answer 0

Discriminant = 55.2 > 0 -> 2 real solutions

Solutions: t1 = -1.1663 s and t2 = 0.35 s

The solution t1 doesn’t make sense for this problem, as we can’t have a negative value for the time.

So the solution is t2 = 0.35 s

Step-by-step explanation:

To find the time when the ball will reach the height of 2 meters, we just need to use the value of h = 2 in the equation given. So, we have that:

−4.9t^2 − 4t + 4 = 2

−4.9t^2 − 4t + 2 = 0

For this equation, we have the constants a = -4.9, b = -4 and c = 2. So the discriminant Delta is:

Delta = b^2 – 4ac = 16 + 39.2 = 55.2

sqrt(Delta) = 7.4297

As Delta > 0, we have 2 real solutions

t1 = (-b + sqrt(Delta)) / 2a = (4 + 7.4297) / (-9.8)  = -1.1663 s

t2 = (-b – sqrt(Delta)) / 2a = (4 – 7.4297) / (-9.8)  = 0.35 s

Number of real solutions: 2

Solutions: t1 = -1.1663 s and t2 = 0.35 s

The solution t1 doesn’t make sense for this problem, as we can’t have a negative value for the time.

So the solution is t2 = 0.35 s