## Forty-four percent of customers who visit a department store make a purchase. What is the probability that in a random sample of 9 customers

Question

Forty-four percent of customers who visit a department store make a purchase. What is the probability that in a random sample of 9 customers who will visit this department store, exactly 6 will make a purchase?

A. .1070

B. .1752

C. .8930

D. .0033

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2 weeks 2021-09-26T16:32:30+00:00 2 Answers 0

A. .1070

Step-by-step explanation:

For each customer, there are only two possible outcomes. Either they make a purchase, or they do not. The probability of a customer making a purchase is independent from other customers. So we use the binomial probability distribution to solve this question.

Binomial probability distribution

The binomial probability is the probability of exactly x successes on n repeated trials, and X can only have two outcomes. In which is the number of different combinations of x objects from a set of n elements, given by the following formula. And p is the probability of X happening.

Forty-four percent of customers who visit a department store make a purchase.

This means that What is the probability that in a random sample of 9 customers who will visit this department store, exactly 6 will make a purchase?

This is when n = 9. So  A. .1070

Step-by-step explanation:

We would apply the formula for binomial distribution which is expressed as

P(x = r) = nCr × p^r × q^(n – r)

Where

x represent the number of successes.

p represents the probability of success.

q = (1 – r) represents the probability of failure.

n represents the number of customers sampled.

From the information given,

p = 44% = 44/100 = 0.44

q = 1 – p = 1 – 0.44

q = 0.56

n = 9

x = r = 6

Therefore,

P(x = 6) = 9C6 × 0.44^6 × 0.56^(9 – 6)

P(x = 6) = 84 × 0.0073 × 0.175616

P(x = 6) = 0.107