In early 2012, the Pew Internet and American Life Project asked a random sample of U.S. adults, “Do you ever … use Twitter or another serv

Question

In early 2012, the Pew Internet and American Life Project asked a random sample of U.S. adults, “Do you ever … use Twitter or another service to share updates about yourself or to see updates about others?” According to Pew, the resulting 95% confidence interval is (0.123, 0.177). Does this interval provide convincing evidence that the actual proportion of U.S. adults who would say they use Twitter differs from 0.16? Justify your answer.

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Evelyn 3 days 2021-10-11T11:42:57+00:00 1 Answer 0

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    2021-10-11T11:44:25+00:00

    Answer:

    The confidence interval for the mean is given by the following formula:  

    \hat p \pm z_{\alpha/2}\sqrt{\frac{\hat p (1-\hat p)}{n}}

    And the confidence interval is given by:

    (0.123, 0.177)

    And for this case the interval contains the value 0.16, so then we can conclude at 5% of significance that the true proportion is not different from 0.16

    Step-by-step explanation:

    Previous concepts

    A confidence interval is “a range of values that’s likely to include a population value with a certain degree of confidence. It is often expressed a % whereby a population means lies between an upper and lower interval”.  

    The margin of error is the range of values below and above the sample statistic in a confidence interval.  

    Normal distribution, is a “probability distribution that is symmetric about the mean, showing that data near the mean are more frequent in occurrence than data far from the mean”.  

    The population proportion have the following distribution

    p \sim N(p,\sqrt{\frac{p(1-p)}{n}})

    Solution to the problem

    In order to find the critical value we need to take in count that we are finding the interval for a proportion, so on this case we need to use the z distribution. Since our interval is at 95% of confidence, our significance level would be given by \alpha=1-0.95=0.05 and \alpha/2 =0.025. And the critical value would be given by:

    z_{\alpha/2}=-1.96, z_{1-\alpha/2}=1.96

    The confidence interval for the mean is given by the following formula:  

    \hat p \pm z_{\alpha/2}\sqrt{\frac{\hat p (1-\hat p)}{n}}

    And the confidence interval is given by:

    (0.123, 0.177)

    And for this case the interval contains the value 0.16, so then we can conclude at 5% of significance that the true proportion is not different from 0.16

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