My brother wants to estimate the proportion of Canadians who own their house.What sample size should be obtained if he wants the estimate to

Question

My brother wants to estimate the proportion of Canadians who own their house.What sample size should be obtained if he wants the estimate to be within 0.02 with 90% confidence if

a.he uses an estimate of 0.675 from the Canadian Census Bureau?
b.he does not use any prior estimates? But in solving this problem, you are actually using aform of “prior” estimate in the formula used. In this case, what is your “actual” prior estimate? Please explain.

in progress 0
Mary 2 weeks 2021-09-27T09:49:47+00:00 1 Answer 0

Answers ( )

    0
    2021-09-27T09:51:12+00:00

    Answer:

    a) n=\frac{0.675(1-0.675)}{(\frac{0.02}{1.64})^2}=1475.07

    And rounded up we have that n=1476

    b) n=\frac{0.5(1-0.5)}{(\frac{0.02}{1.64})^2}=1681

    And rounded up we have that n=1681

    Step-by-step explanation:

    Previous concepts

    A confidence interval is “a range of values that’s likely to include a population value with a certain degree of confidence. It is often expressed a % whereby a population means lies between an upper and lower interval”.  

    The margin of error is the range of values below and above the sample statistic in a confidence interval.  

    Normal distribution, is a “probability distribution that is symmetric about the mean, showing that data near the mean are more frequent in occurrence than data far from the mean”.

    The population proportion have the following distribution  

    p \sim N(p,\sqrt{\frac{\hat p(1-\hat p)}{n}})  

    The margin of error for the proportion interval is given by this formula:  

     ME=z_{\alpha/2}\sqrt{\frac{\hat p (1-\hat p)}{n}} (a)  

    If solve n from equation (a) we got:  

    n=\frac{\hat p (1-\hat p)}{(\frac{ME}{z})^2} (b)  

    Part a

    In order to find the critical value we need to take in count that we are finding the interval for a proportion, so on this case we need to use the z distribution. Since our interval is at 90% of confidence, our significance level would be given by \alpha=1-0.9=0.1 and \alpha/2 =0.05. And the critical value would be given by:  

    z_{\alpha/2}=\pm 1.64  

    The margin of error for the proportion interval is given by this formula:  

     ME=z_{\alpha/2}\sqrt{\frac{\hat p (1-\hat p)}{n}}    (a)  

    And on this case we have that ME =\pm 0.02 and we are interested in order to find the value of n, if we solve n from equation (a) we got:  

    n=\frac{\hat p (1-\hat p)}{(\frac{ME}{z})^2}   (b)  

    And replacing into equation (b) the values from part a we got:

    n=\frac{0.675(1-0.675)}{(\frac{0.02}{1.64})^2}=1475.07

    And rounded up we have that n=1476

    Part b

    For this case since we don’t have a prior estimate we can use  \hat p =0.5

    n=\frac{0.5(1-0.5)}{(\frac{0.02}{1.64})^2}=1681

    And rounded up we have that n=1681

Leave an answer

45:7+7-4:2-5:5*4+35:2 =? ( )