## Rubber rabbitbrush plants display heritable variation in plant height and insect-induced gall formation. In a field study, researchers inves

Rubber rabbitbrush plants display heritable variation in plant height and insect-induced gall formation. In a field study, researchers investigated the relationship between plant height and gall number for the rubber rabbitbrush plants in a natural population. The researchers used the data they collected to perform a chi-square test of independence. The null hypothesis for the chi-square test was that plant height and gall number are independent. The data for the chi-square test are presented in Table 1.

Table 1. Data for the chi-square test of independence

Height Category (cm)(cm) Number of Plants with Ten or Fewer Galls Number of Plants with More than Ten Galls

0â€“30 34 6

31â€“60 22 16

61â€“90 14 21

91â€“120 10 27

The researchers calculated a chi-square value of 29.25. If there are three degrees of freedom and the significance level is p=0.05p=0.05, which of the following statements best completes the chi-square test?

The critical value is 0.05, and the null hypothesis cannot be rejected because the calculated chi-square value is greater than the critical value.

A. he critical value is 0.05, and the null hypothesis can be rejected because the calculated chi-square value is greater than the critical value.

B. The critical value is 7.82, and the null hypothesis cannot be rejected because the calculated chi-square value is greater than the critical value.

C. The critical value is 7.82, and the null hypothesis can be rejected because the calculated chi-square value is greater than the critical value.

## Answers ( )

Answer:cStep-by-step explanation: