Select the experiments that use a completely randomized design. a. To test an epidermal treatment on fish in polluted stream wa

Question

Select the experiments that use a completely randomized design.

a. To test an epidermal treatment on fish in polluted stream water, 50 fish with epidermal abrasions from the same stream are randomly placed into two aquariums. One aquarium receives the epidermal treatment, and the other receives no treatment.
b. Scientists assign the plants on the outer edge of a garden to an old fertilizer and plants in the middle of the garden to a new fertilizer. At the end of one month, the scientists randomly select four plants from each group to measure growth and determine the results of the study
c. Participants in a study to determine the effects of a new weight-loss remedy are divided into groups based on gender, and each subject in each group is randomly assigned to receive the new remedy, an existing remedy, or a placebo
d. In a fertility study designed to test whether a new supplement helps individuals increase egg production, a computer randomly assigns participants into a group receiving the supplement and a group receiving an inactive pill.
e. A computer scientist is testing new antivirus software on computers that were built in the last month. Ten computers with operating system A were randomly selected, and ten were chosen with operating system B Five computers with each operating system were randomly assigned to be scanned with the new software, five to the existing software.

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Maya 1 week 2021-11-19T05:04:31+00:00 1 Answer 0 views 0

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    2021-11-19T05:06:01+00:00

    Answer:

    Experiments A and D are completely randomized. And experiments C and E are also randomized enough to pass as a randomized design.

    But the design for experiment B is nowhere near a completely randomized design.

    Step-by-step explanation:

    In random sampling, each member of the population would have an equal chance of being sampled. In a perfect random sampling scenario, they would use computer generated random numbers to select members of the population to be sampled.

    a) Experiment A randomly selects all the fishes with epidermal abrasions for the experiment and control experiment. Here, all the fishes with epidermal abrasions have an equal chance of being sampled; hence, this is a randomized design.

    b) Experiment B gives plants on the outer edge of the garden old fertilizers and gives plants in the middle of the garden new fertilizers and intends to check for growth based on the two fertilizers. This is not a randomized design, as all the plants do not have equal probability/chance of being tested for either fertilizers. A randomized design would have randomly picked plants all over (outer edge, middle, everywhere) with no giving which plant which fertilizer based on where it is growing.

    c) Experiment C intends to check the effects of a new weight loss remedy. But they group the participants in the study into genders and then randomly select which weight loss plan to administer to them.

    The design to administer the weight loss plan is randomized alright, but grouping the participants into gender groups removes the air of complete randomization. But this design should still pass for a randomized design as every member of the population has an equal chance of getting any one of the 3 weight loss programs.

    d) Experiment D uses a computer to randomly assign people into an experiment group and a control group, to test whether a new supplement helps individuals increase egg production. This is very very randomized!

    e) Experiment E tests a new antivirus by randomly picking the sample population (10 each) from two groups of computers and then randomly testing 5 of the 10 selected per group while leaving the remaining 5 per group as Control. This is fairly randomized too.

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