To decrease the impact on the environment, factory chimneys must be high enough to allow pollutants to dissipate over a larger area. Assume

Question

To decrease the impact on the environment, factory chimneys must be high enough to allow pollutants to dissipate over a larger area. Assume the mean height of chimneys in these factories is 10D meters (an EPA-acceptable height) with a standard deviation 12 meters. A random sample of 40 chimney heights is obtained. What is the probability that the sample mean height for the 40 chimneys is greater than 102 meters?

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Katherine 1 month 2021-10-21T22:20:33+00:00 1 Answer 0 views 0

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    2021-10-21T22:22:23+00:00

    Answer:

    The probability hat the sample mean height for the 40 chimneys is greater than 102 meters is 0.1469.

    Step-by-step explanation:

    Let the random variable X be defined as the height of chimneys in factories.

    The mean height is, μ = 100 meters.

    The standard deviation of heights is, σ = 12 meters.

    It is provided that a random sample of n = 40 chimney heights is obtained.

    According to the Central Limit Theorem if we have an unknown population with mean μ and standard deviation σ and appropriately huge random samples (n > 30) are selected from the population with replacement, then the distribution of the sample means will be approximately normally distributed.

    Then, the mean of the distribution of sample means is given by,

    \mu_{\bar x}=\mu

    And the standard deviation of the distribution of sample means is given by,

    \sigma_{\bar x}=\frac{\sigma}{\sqrt{n}}

    Since the sample selected is quite large, i.e. n = 40 > 30, the central limit theorem can be used to approximate the sampling distribution of sample mean heights of chimneys.

    \bar X\sim N(\mu_{\bar x},\ \sigma^{2}_{\bar x})

    Compute the probability hat the sample mean height for the 40 chimneys is greater than 102 meters as follows:

    P(\bar X>102)=P(\frac{\bar X-\mu_{\bar x}}{\sigma_{\bar x}})>\frac{102-100}{12/\sqrt{40}})

                        =P(Z>1.05)\\=1-P(Z<1.05)\\=1-0.85314\\=0.14686\\\approx 0.1469

    *Use a z-table fr the probability.

    Thus, the probability hat the sample mean height for the 40 chimneys is greater than 102 meters is 0.1469.

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