Two brands of AAA batteries are tested in order to compare their voltage. The data summary can be found below. Find the 93% confidence inter

Question

Two brands of AAA batteries are tested in order to compare their voltage. The data summary can be found below. Find the 93% confidence interval of the true difference in the means of their voltage. Assume that both variables are normally distributed. Brand X Brand Y Xi = 9.2 volts 0 = 0.3 volt ni = 27 X2 = 8.8 volts 02 = 0.1 volt na = 30

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Melody 2 weeks 2021-09-27T15:26:50+00:00 1 Answer 0

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    2021-09-27T15:28:34+00:00

    Answer:

     (\bar X_1 -\bar X_2) \pm z_{\alpha/2} \sqrt{\frac{s^2_1}{n_1}+\frac{s^2_}{n_2}}

    And replacing we got:

     (9.2 -8.8) - 1.811 \sqrt{\frac{0.3^2}{27}+\frac{0.1^2}{30}}= 0.2903

     (9.2 -8.8) + 1.811 \sqrt{\frac{0.3^2}{27}+\frac{0.1^2}{30}}= 0.5097

    And the confidence interval for the difference of means would be given by:

     0.2903 \leq \mu_1 -\mu_2 \leq 0.5097

    Step-by-step explanation:

    Previous concepts

    A confidence interval is “a range of values that’s likely to include a population value with a certain degree of confidence. It is often expressed a % whereby a population means lies between an upper and lower interval”.  

    The margin of error is the range of values below and above the sample statistic in a confidence interval.  

    Normal distribution, is a “probability distribution that is symmetric about the mean, showing that data near the mean are more frequent in occurrence than data far from the mean”.  

    We have the following data given:

     \bar X_1 = 9.2 , \bar X_2 = 8.8, \sigma_1= 0.3, n_1 = 27, \sigma_2 = 0.1, n_2 = 30

    In order to find the critical value we need to take in count that we are finding the interval for a proportion, so on this case we need to use the z distribution. Since our interval is at 93% of confidence, our significance level would be given by \alpha=1-0.93=0.07 and \alpha/2 =0.035. And the critical value would be given by:  

    z_{\alpha/2}=-1.811, z_{1-\alpha/2}=1.811  

    The confidence interval is given by:

     (\bar X_1 -\bar X_2) \pm z_{\alpha/2} \sqrt{\frac{s^2_1}{n_1}+\frac{s^2_}{n_2}}

    And replacing we got:

     (9.2 -8.8) - 1.811 \sqrt{\frac{0.3^2}{27}+\frac{0.1^2}{30}}= 0.2903

     (9.2 -8.8) + 1.811 \sqrt{\frac{0.3^2}{27}+\frac{0.1^2}{30}}= 0.5097

    And the confidence interval for the difference of means would be given by:

     0.2903 \leq \mu_1 -\mu_2 \leq 0.5097

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